Blue and John Crow Mountains
The site encompasses a rugged and extensively forested mountainous region in the south-east of Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for Maroons (former enslaved peoples). They resisted the European colonial system in this isolated region by establishing a network of trails, hiding places and settlements, which form the Nanny Town Heritage Route. The forests offered the Maroons everything they needed for their survival. They developed strong spiritual connections with the mountains, still manifest through the intangible cultural legacy of, for example, religious rites, traditional medicine and dances. The site is also a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean Islands with a high proportion of endemic plant species, especially lichens, mosses and certain flowering plants.
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Important centre of Caribbean plant endemism
Significant populations of globally (critically) endangered animal species
Globally significant populations of bird species
The 2017 Decision 41 COM 7B.35 included four requests, to adopt and implement a) the Draft National Minerals Policy; b) new overarching protected area policy and legislation; c) a Maroon Cultural Assistants training programme; and d) a new Management Plan 2017-2027. Of these the training program has been fully implemented; and the the management plan was approved Jan 2019 (JCDT, 2018); with the remaining legislative improvements still in draft (various sources, including State Party of Jamaica, 2018; IUCN Consultation, 2020).
|№||Organization||Brief description of Active Projects||Website|
|1||National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA)||There are longstanding efforts to establish a national network or system of protected areas.||
|2||Jamaica Conservation & Development Trust (JCDT)||JCDT, which is in charge of the property's operational management, is engaged in a number of partnerships and projects supported by various domestic, bilateral and international sources.||
|3||BIOPAMA||Improving management effectiveness – Blue & John Crow Mountains National Park and World Heritage Site - medium sized grant||
|4||Franklinia Foundation||Propagation and planting of threatened and endemic & native trees- 3 year project funded by the Franklinia Foundation|
|5||Jamaica Conservation Partners||Boundaries- 3 Year Phase 2 of an earlier project to clearly mark 9.4km of boundary in area of greatest concern with: firebreak, signs and ribbon of trees.|
|6||American Birds Conservancy||Fire Prevention & Management – 1 yr project focused on establishing an early warning system and community training and equipment|
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Jamaican Government (2014) Nomination of the Blue and John Crow Mountains for Inscription on the World Heritage List.
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