Pirin National Park
Spread over an area of over 27,000 ha, at an altitude between 1008 and 2914 m in the Pirin Mountains, southwest Bulgaria, the site comprises diverse limestone mountain landscapes with glacial lakes, waterfalls, caves and predominantly coniferous forests. It was added to the World Heritage List in 1983. The extension now covers an area of around 40,000 ha in the Pirin Mountains, and overlaps with the Pirin National Park, except for two areas developed for tourism (skiing). The dominant part of the extension is high mountain territory over 2000m in altitude, and covered mostly by alpine meadows, rocky screes and summits. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
A good example of the continuing evolution of flora and an example of high mountain ecosystems in natural condition
Mountain scenery of exceptional beauty
Diverse limestone mountain landscapes
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Balkani Wildlife Society||Monitoring of birds and animals|
|2||WWF Danube Carpathian Programme||Advocacy, communication and public awareness raising|
|3||The Natural History Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Science||Science and monitoring|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Demonstration of successful models for economic development alternative to mass skiing development; enhance the knowledge and use of the UNESCO logo||Demonstration of successful models for economic development alternative to mass skiing development; enhance the knowledge and use of the UNESCO logo||
|2||PA Management effectiveness assessment||A standard management effectiveness assessment using either appraisal methods such as METT (WWF 2007) or “Enhancing our Heritage” (Hockings et al. 2008) or – better – a systematic analysis using the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation (CMP 2013) would be a useful basis for further improvement of the management of the site.|
|3||Monitoring of values, threats and management||Implementation of monitoring particularly for World Heritage values and supporting ecosystem values, direct threats and their drivers, and the effectiveness of site management to address them.||
|4||Communication, education and awareness raising activities aimed at local inhabitants, businesses and government||The lack of political support to an appropriate protection regime for Pirin National Park reflects a lack of understanding of national but particularly local stakeholders of the Outstanding Universal Value of Pirin National Park. An extensive and well resourced communication effort is necessary (but certainly not sufficient) to help achieve this.||
Conservation Measures Partnership (2013). Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation. Version 3.0 / April 2013. CMP. Accessed on 26 August 2017 at http://cmp-openstandards.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CMP….
Hockings, M., R. James, S. Stolton, N. Dudley, V. Mathur, J. Makombo, J. Courrau, J. Parrish (2008). Enhancing our Heritage Toolkit. Assessing management effectiveness of natural World Heritage sites. Paris: UNESCO. 108 pp. Accessed on 29 August 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/series/23/.
IUCN 2011. Report on the Joint World Heritage Centre-IUCN Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Pirin National Park (Bulgaria), 10-14 October 2011. Accessed on 3 September 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/documents/117101/.
IUCN 2014. World Heritage Outlook: Pirin National Park, Bulgaria. Accessed on 5 September 2017 at http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/search-sites/-/wdp…
IUCN Consultation 2017a. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form, Respondent 1. World Heritage Site: Pirin National Park. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN Consultation 2017b. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form, Respondent 2. World Heritage Site: Pirin National Park. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN Evaluation 1987
Ministry of Environment and Water (MoEW) 2004: National Park Pirin Management Plan
Ministry of Environment and Water 2015. Report on the State of Conservation of Pirin National Park and World Heritage Property. Sofia, November 2015. Accessed on 2 September 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3470.
Ministry of Environment and Water 2017. State of conservation of Pirin National Park and World Heritage Property (WHP). Letter to the Director of the IUCN World Heritage Centre. 7 March 2017.
UNEP-WCMC 2012. Pirin National Park. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. Cambridge (UK): UNEP-WCMC. Accessed on 2 September 2017 at https://www.unep-wcmc.org/resources-and-data/world-heritage….
WWF (2007). Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool. Reporting Progress at Protected Area Sites. 2nd edition. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.
World Heritage Centre (2010). Nomination of Pirin National Park: Statement of Outstanding Universal Value. Accessed on 4 September 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/225.
World Heritage Centre (2014). Decision : 38 COM 7B.73, Pirin National Park (Bulgaria) (N 225). Accessed on 5 September 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6059.
World Heritage Centre (2016). Decision : 40 COM 7B.93, Pirin National Park (Bulgaria) (N 225bis). Accessed on 5 September 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6757.
World Heritage Centre 2014. Periodic Report, Bulgaria - Section II-Pirin National Park. Accessed on 29 August 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/archive/periodicreporting/EUR/cycle02….