Salonga National Park
Salonga National Park is Africa's largest tropical rainforest reserve. Situated at the heart of the central basin of the Congo river, the park is very isolated and accessible only by water. It is the habitat of many endemic endangered species, such as the dwarf chimpanzee, the Congo peacock, the forest elephant and the African slender-snouted or 'false' crocodile.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Vast area of intact lowland tropical rainforest covering a wide range of habitats with high biodiversity.
An example of biological evolution and the adaptation of life forms in a complex equatorial rainforest environment
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||UGPNS- WWF/ICCN||In charge of park management, improvement of ICCN infrastructures and accessibility, support to capacity development of rangers and social benefits. Community forest development – eco corridors, development planning in periphery.|
|2||Wildlife Conservation Society||WCS implements CARPE funded activities in the Salonga landscape. Works on conflict resolution issues in and around the park, participatory boundary marking, and wildlife surveys and monitoring.|
|3||Milwaukee Zoological Society||Conducts research on the ecology of bonobos, undertakes monitoring, and supports anti-poaching, staff training, education and various development initiatives.|
|4||LuiKotale Bonobo Project (Projet MPI)||Research on ecology and social behaviour of bonobos at the LuiKotale research site at the outside fringe of Block South of Salonga National Park. Focus on research and conservation on biodiversity, ethnobotany and medicinal plants; environmental education, biomonitoring and longitudinal studies.|
|5||Gottfried Hohmann; Barbara Fruth, Directors LuiKotale Bonobo Project (LKBP)||Operates in community development and agricultural projects.|
|6||Impresa Servizi Coordinati - ISCO||Supports the park with regards to the improvement of infrastructures and accessibility.|
|7||Oxford Committee for Famine Relief OXFAM, Integrated Civil Society Organizations System||Operates in community development and agricultural projects.|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||.||As for all parks in the DRC, all park management activities require sustained funding for many years to come.|
Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Bretagnolle, F. and Fruth, B. (2012a). Dung beetles are critical in preventing post-dispersal seed removal by rodents in Congo rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28, pp.507-510.
Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Fruth, B. and Bretagnolle, F. (2012b). Bush pig (Potamochoerus porcus) seed predation of bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) and other plant species in Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology, 50, pp.509-512.
Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Bourson, C., Hohmann, G. and Fruth, B. (2013c). Ecological services performed by the bonobo (Pan paniscus): seed dispersal effectiveness in tropical forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 29(5), pp.367-380.
Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., Surbeck, M. and Fruth, B. (2013b). Seed dispersal strategies and the threat of defaunation in a Congo forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22(1), pp.225-238.
Beaune, D., Fruth, B., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G. and Bretagnolle, F. (2013a). Doom of the elephant-dependent trees in a Congo tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 295, pp.109-117.
Fruth, B. (2011). The CBD in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): the project “The Cuvette Centrale as a reservoir of medicinal plants” in the process of implementation. Curare, 34, pp.51-62.
Fruth, B. (2014). Final Report for USFWS; “Improving in-situ conservation of bonobos (Pan paniscus) by environmental education and capacity building in schools and villages West of Salonga National Park, DRC”.
Fruth, B. (2016). The ARCUS Foundation Interim Narrative Report; “Viability Assessment for Bonobo Ecotourism in the Salonga National Park Region”.
Grossmann, F., Hart, J.A., Vosper, A. and Ilambu, O. (2008). Range occupation and population estimates of bonobo in the Salonga National Park: Application to large scale surveys of bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In: T. Furuichi and J. Thompson (eds) The Bonobos: Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation. New York: Springer, pp. 189–216.
Hart, J. A. Grossmann, F., Vosper, A., and Ilanga, J. (2008). Human Hunting and its Impact on Bonobos in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo In: T. Furuichi, and J. Thompson (eds) The Bonobos: Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation. New York: Springer, pp. 189–216.
Hart, J.A., Detwiler, K.M., Gilbert, C.C., Burrell, A.S., Fuller, J.L., Emetshu, M., Hart, T.B., Vosper, A., Sargis, E.J. and Tosi, A.J. (2012). Lesula: a new species of Cercopithecus monkey endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and implications for conservation of Congo’s Central Basin. [online] PLoS One, 7(9), p.e44271. Available at: [Accessed 11 March 2019].
Hohmann G. and Fruth B. (2013). Report to KMDA; “Anti-poaching patrols protect the bonobo population at LuiKotale: Combining forces against killing of bonobos and other wildlife in the buffer zone of Salonga National Park, DRC”.
ICCN. (2011). Plan Général de Gestion du Parc National de la Salonga.
IUCN Consultation. (2017). IUCN World Heritage Confidential Consultation: Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo.
IUCN and UNESCO. (2007). Reactive Monitoring Mission Report Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo). [online] Gland, Switzerland and Paris, France: IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Available at: [Accessed 12 March 2019].
IUCN and UNESCO. (2012). Reactive Monitoring Mission Report Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo). [online] Gland, Switzerland and Paris, France: IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Available at: [Accessed 12 March 2019].
Mohneke M., Fruth B. (2008). Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Density Estimation in the SW-Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo: Common Methodology Revisited. In: Furuichi T., Thompson J. (eds) The Bonobos. Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. New York: Springer, pp. 151-166.
Mossoun, A., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Anoh, A. E., Pauly, M. S., Driscoll, D. A., Michel, A. O., Nazaire, L. G., Pfister, S., Sabwe, P., Thiesen, U., Vogler, B. R., Wiersma, L., Muyembe-Tamfum, J.-J., Karhemere, S., Akoua-Koffi, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Fruth, B., Wittig, R. M., Leendertz, F. H. and Schubert, G. (2017). Bushmeat hunting and zoonotic transmission of simian T-lymphotropic virus 1 in tropical West and Central Africa. Journal of Virology, 91, e02479-16. Available at: doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02479-16 (Accessed: 10 July 2019).
Reinartz, G.E., Bila Isia, I., Ngamankosi, M. and Wema, L.W. (2006). Effects of forest type and human presence on bonobo (Pan paniscus) density in the Salonga National Park. International Journal of Primatology, 27(2), pp.603-634.
World Heritage Committee. (2012). Decision: 36 COM 8E. Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value. Salonga National Park Democratic, Republic of the Congo. Context of Decision WHC-12/36.COM/8E [online] Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation: Publisher, pp.15-16. Available at: [Accessed 11 March 2019].
World Heritage Committee. (2017). Decision: 41 COM 7A.10 Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo) [online] Krakow, Poland: Publisher, pp.24-25. Available at: [Accessed 11 March 2019].