Morne Trois Pitons National Park
Luxuriant natural tropical forest blends with scenic volcanic features of great scientific interest in this national park centred on the 1,342-m-high volcano known as Morne Trois Pitons. With its precipitous slopes and deeply incised valleys, 50 fumaroles, hot springs, three freshwater lakes, a 'boiling lake' and five volcanoes, located on the park's nearly 7,000 ha, together with the richest biodiversity in the Lesser Antilles, Morne Trois Pitons National Park presents a rare combination of natural features of World Heritage value. © UNESCO
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Scenic volcanic features of great scientific interest
Rich biodiversity with endemic plant and animal species
The 2019 State Party report on this issue notes that 'on October 8th, 2019 the geothermal wells were successfully re opened. The geothermal unit has indicated that after 5yrs of being closed, the naturally occurring geothermal gas, hydrogen sulphide had accumulated inside the well and this gas in high enough concentrations can be dangerous hence the need for reopening'. However, regarding the operational phase of the project, ESIA was completed in July of 2018 which is reported to include specific consideration towards the World heritage values of Morne Trois Pitons National Park (State Party of Dominica, 2019).
is long overdue for an eruption. (BirdLife, 2012; De Roche, 2010)
|№||Organization||Brief description of Active Projects||Website|
|1||GEF-World Bank||The Special Program for Adaptation to Climate Change (SPACC) project is currently undertaking a project to establish buffer zones for the Park. Project development in communities adjacent to the Park aims at reducing negative impacts on Park.||
|2||Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica (COD) with support from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)||Project aimed at establishing and operationalizing a National Parks Service (NPS). The project comprises two phases with Phase I focusing on a review of the legal framework for the management of national parks and protected areas as well as the conduct of amendments to existing legislation to address identified deficiencies. Phase II focuses on the institutional framework including the establishment and operationalization of a NPS.||
|3||Yale University||DOMEX Project: Emplacement of automated weather stations, data collection and analysis. The objective is to: ➢ To understand the physics of mountain triggered convection and precipitation in the tropics, using Dominica as a natural laboratory ➢ To develop data sets that can be used to test and improve numerical models of convection and precipitation in the tropics ➢ To better understand and predict the weather and climate of the Lesser Antilles including Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique.||
The principal investigator of DOMEX is Professor Ronald B. Smith from Yale University, with support from the USA National Science Foundation. Participating institutions include: Dominica Division of Forestry, MeteoFrance DIRAG, University of Reading, University of Wyoming, and the Max Planck Institute
|4||GEF/World Bank Project ¨Leveraging Eco-Tourism for Biodiversity Protection in Dominica”||This project is in the concept stage. The objective is to improve management of Dominica’s three national parks (including Morne Trois Pitons National Park) and the tourist trails (in the framework of sustainable tourism perspective).||
|5||GEF-6 UNEP project “Strengthening Resilience of Agricultural Lands and Forests in Dominica in the Aftermath of Hurricane Maria”||The GEF-6 UNEP project (9978) works on land degradation around Morne Trois Piton National Park (MTPNP).||
|6||GEF-World Bank “Supporting Sustainable Ecosystem by Strengthening the Effectiveness of Dominica’s Protected Area System” (SSE).||The project aims to strengthen the effectiveness of the Morne Trois Pitons National Park, which is a designated World Heritage Site, and to establish a buffer zone for the Park, in order to reduce threats to biodiversity and ecological functioning. Two of the eight activities area related to the updated of the Management Plan Of Morno Trois Pitons National Park and the demarcating and legally establishing its buffer zone. This reported also in the Sixth National Report to the CBD (State Party of Dominica-CBD, 2019).||
BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Morne Trois Pitons National Park. [online] Available at: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=20863 [Accessed 3 December 2020].
Edwards, Marie-Jose. (2011a). Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage Site – Improved Management Plan. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre/SPACC Project.
Edwards, Marie-Jose. (2018a). Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage Site – Improved Management Plan. Supporting Sustainable Ecosystem by Strengthening the Effectiveness of Dominica’s Protected Area System Project.
Edwards, Marie-Jose. (2018b). Techical report updated design of buffer zones for the Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage Sites. Supporting Sustainable Ecosystem by Strengthening the Effectiveness of Dominica’s Protected Area System Project.
Edwards, Marie-José. (2011). Design of buffer zones for the Morne Diablotin National and Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage. Technical report. Caribbean community climate change centre/ SPACC. 123 pp.
GEF, UNDP. (2012). Supporting Sustainable Ecosystem by strengthening the Effectiveness of Dominica’s Protected Area System. Project document.104 pp.
Homer, F. (2009). Developing Pilot Projects for Climate Change Adaptation in Dominica. Report on the Technical Forum on Climate Change - Special Programme for Adaptation to Climate Change Project (SPACC).
IUCN (1999). World Heritage Technical Evaluation, Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Dominica. In: IUCN World Heritage Evaluations 1999, IUCN Evaluations of nominations of natural and mixed properties to the World Heritage List. [online] Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, pp.17-28. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/814/documents/ [Accessed 3 December 2020].
Perry, J. (2011). World Heritage hot spots: A global model identifies the 16 natural heritage properties on the World Heritage List most at risk from climate change. International Journal of Heritage Studies 17 (5), 426-441.
Roche, D. and Thesser, E. (2010). Environmental Factors to be Considered in Geothermal Exploration/Production in Dominica. United National University Geothermal Training Program, Iceland.
State Party of Dominica- CBD. (2019). The Commonwealth of Dominica's Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity.
State Party of Dominica. (2019). Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of the Morne Trois Pitons National Park (Dominica). [online] Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/814/documents/ [Accessed 3 December 2020].
The Nature Conservancy, n.d. Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Dominica. Parks in Peril Project.
UNESCO and IUCN. (2017). Report of the joint WHC/IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission to Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Dominica, 24 - 31 March 2017. [online] Paris, France: UNESCO. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/814/documents/ [Accessed 1 December 2020].