Pyrénées - Mont Perdu
This outstanding mountain landscape, which spans the contemporary national borders of France and Spain, is centred around the peak of Mount Perdu, a calcareous massif that rises to 3,352 m. The site, with a total area of 30,639 ha, includes two of Europe's largest and deepest canyons on the Spanish side and three major cirque walls on the more abrupt northern slopes with France, classic presentations of these geological landforms. The site is also a pastoral landscape reflecting an agricultural way of life that was once widespread in the upland regions of Europe but now survives only in this part of the Pyrénées. Thus it provides exceptional insights into past European society through its landscape of villages, farms, fields, upland pastures and mountain roads. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Outstanding scenic landscape
Remarkable geological landforms
Regarding the Gavarnie theatre festival, after many years of conflicts and negotiations between the WHC, State Partie (France) and local authorities and communities (Monitoring Mission Report, ICOMOS/IUCN/UNESCO, 2007), concrete management propositions were made in 2014 (Rapport des Etats français et espagnol au comité du Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO, 2014) and their implementation is currently in process. The WHC underlines the significant progress made for the sustainable management of Troumouse road and the efforts concerning the relocation of Gavarnie festival. In response, a study has been undertaken to identify potential new sites for the relocation of the festival, but none alternatives was relevant. Based on these findings, local authorities have decided to maintain the actual location, while reducing visual impacts of this event on landscape, in line with the “Sites Classés” Law (1930).
Both national parks have effective and updated management plans (Plan rector de uso del parque nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido in Spain, Charte du parc national des Pyrénées in France). But global management system is partially adapted to maintain OUV as the joint plan (charte de coopération commune 2010-2020) is partially implemented. In the framework of a tri-national cooperation programme (POCTEFA) involving France, Spain and Andorra, the “Projet Pyrénées Mont Perdu Patrimoine mondjal (PMPPM)” has been launched to support integrated management of the property, with four sets of actions : training, awareness, governance and joint management plan (to be validated by the joint management committee). The POCTEFA programme will support the implementation of a three-year action plan, including the definition of a buffer zone and a nature trail.
The site received in 2013 the international dark sky reserve label, which allowed development of night tourist activities.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||POCTEFA (programme opérationnel de coopération territoriale Espagne-France-Andorre)||
|Interreg V-A Programme Spain-France-Andorra. European territorial cooperation program set up to promote the sustainable development of the border territory between the three countries. It provides support for tourism, landscape interpretation and agropastoralism.|
|2||Gavarnie-Gèdre municipality||Closing of Troumouse road and relocation of car park are being carried out in the framework of the POCTEFA programme.|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||N.A.||Joint bilingual marking and information system|
|2||N.A.||Joint research and monitoring programmes on OUV components|
|3||N.A.||Assessment of climate change consequences on water regime|
|4||N.A.||Interpretation programme of the site's outstanding universal value for local actors|
|5||N.A.||Labeling of tourist services (hotel, restaurant tours)|
Benos R. Cazenave Piarrot A., and Milian J, 2008. Pyrénées-Mont Perdu Patrimoine Mondial : un espace montagnard à l’épreuve de la protection et de sa gestion.
Fort M., 2014. The Gavarnie Cirque: a celebrated “Nature’s Colossus”. In: Landscape and Landforms of France, Springer
IUCN, 1996. World Heritage Nomination, IUCN Technical Evaluation, Pyrénées-Mont Perdu (Spain – France).
Justification for Inscription, WHC website, retrieved 2014
Monitoring Mission Report ICOMOS/IUCN/UNESCO, 2007. Joint ICOMOS/IUCN/UNESCO (WHC) Expert Reactif Monitoring Mission Report, Pyrenees-Mont Perdu (France – Spain).
Mottet A., Ladet S., Coqué N., Gibon A. (2006). « Agricultural land-use change and its drivers in mountain landscapes: A study in the Pyrenees », in Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, pp. 296-310.
Parc national de Pyrénées, 2001. Etude quantitative du Parc national des Pyrénées et de la réserve du Néouvielle. Du 15 juin au 15 septembre 2001. Eole, 44p.
Parc national des Pyrénées. 2012. Charte du parc national
Rapport des Etats français et espagnol au comité du Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO, 2014
SOC, 2014. State of Conservation Report, 36 COM 7B.37.
Stratégie scientifique du Parc national des Pyrénées (2015-2027)