Pantanal Conservation Area
The Pantanal Conservation Area consists of a cluster of four protected areas with a total area of 187,818 ha. Located in western central Brazil at the south-west corner of the State of Mato Grosso, the site represents 1.3% of Brazil's Pantanal region, one of the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystems. The headwaters of the region's two major river systems, the Cuiabá and the Paraguay rivers, are located here, and the abundance and diversity of its vegetation and animal life are spectacular.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Outstanding landscape beauty
On-going ecological processes
High biodiversity and large wildlife aggregations
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Centro de Pesquisa do Pantanal (CPP) / Pantanal Research Center||The CPP is a non-profit research center dedicated to generate knowledge about wetlands so as to contribute to their sustainable use.|
|2||Embrapa Pantanal||Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, linked to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Food Supply) has been operating a unit in the Brazilian Pantanal since 1975. The unit has generated a wealth of readily available information information about the region.|
|3||Wildlife Conservation Society of Brazil (WCS-Brasil)||WCS-Brasil conducts research and monitoring in the Pantanal WCS. Publications include the Revista Ciência Pantanal.|
|4||Instituto Homem Pantaneiro||Various. For example, The Institute donated to the Jatobazinho School native fish species of the Pantanal. The Fish Culture project aims to decrease overfishing and increase family income, stimulating and training the population on fish farming.|
|5||REPAMS Incentive Programme for Private Protected Areas (Programa de Incentivo às RPPNs do Pantanal)||REPAMS is the association of owners of private protected areas in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS). Along with several partners it runs a programme to create incentives for private protected areas among other activities.|
|6||ECOTRÓPICA - Fundação de Apoio à Vida nos Trópicos||The non-profit foundation has been active since 1989 and owns and manages the three private reserves forming the Pantanal Conservation Area jointly with the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park. More recently, after World Heritage inscription, the foundation acquired another contiguous area named RPPN Rumo ao Oeste. All these areas are formally recognized as so-called Reservas Particulares do Patrimônio Natural (RPPN), a protected area category under Brazilian legislation.|
|7||WWF Brasil||WWF Brasil has a long history of involvement in the Pantanal. Important contributions include a conservation priority setting exercise for the Pantanal and the adjacent Brazilian Cerrado (WWF Brasil, 2015).|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Harmonization with the overlapping Pantanal biosphere reserve||The vast Pantanal biosphere reserve was designated in 2000, the year of the World Heritage inscription. Its multiple core zones comprise 664,245 hectares which have been selected according to their high conservation values and conservation status. The core zones thereby can be considered as a protected area system or network within the Brazilian Pantanal. Some of the core zones may lend themselves as possible extension areas of the World Heritage property. Comprehensive recent studies guiding the identification of areas for potential serial or contiguous extensions of the World Heritage property are readily available (WWF Brasil, 2015).|
Alho, C.J.R., Mamede, S., Bitencourt, K., Benites, M. 2011. Introduced species in the Pantanal: implications for conservation. Braz. J. Biol. 71(1) (suppl.): 321-325.
Bertassoni A., Xavier-Filho, N.L., Rabelo, F.A., Leal, S.P.S., Porfírio, G.E.O., Moreira, V.F., Rabelo, A.P.C. 2012. Paraguay River Environmental Monitoring by Rede de Proteção e Conservação da Serra do Amolar, Pantanal, Brazil. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences 7(2): 77-84.
Boff, S., Araujo, A.C., Pott, A. 2013. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) and flowers of natural forest patches of southern Pantanal. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 46-56. . Accessed 17 May 2017.
Calheiros, D.F., Oliveira, M.D., Padovani, C.R. 2012. Hydro-ecological processes and anthropogenic impacts on the ecosystem services of the Pantanal wetland. In: Ioris, R. A.A. (ed). Tropical Wetland Management: the South-American Pantanal and the International Experience. Routledge.
Conservation International (CI), Ecologia e Ação (ECOA), Fundación AVINA, SOS Pantanal Institute, WWF Brasil. 2009. Monitoring alterations in vegetation cover and land use in the Upper Paraguay River Basin, Brazilian portion, period of analysis: 2002 to 2008. Brasília, DF, Brazil.
Eaton, D.P. 2013. Assessing ecological communities in the wake of ongoing land use change in the Atlantic Forest and Pantanal of Brazil. Ph.D. dissertation, Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, NV.
ICMBio, 2012. Avaliação comparada das aplicações do método Rappam nas unidades de conservação federais, nos ciclos 2005-06 e 2010. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade, WWF-Brasil. Brasília: 134 p. http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/images/stories/comunicacao/…
ICMBio. 2003. Plano de Manejo do Parque Nacional do Pantanal Matogrossense. . Accessed 23 May 2017.
IUCN. 2000. World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation: The Pantanal Conservation Complex (Brazil). WHC-00/CONF.204/INF.05. In: In: IUCN World Heritage Evaluations 2000, IUCN Evaluations of nominations of natural and mixed properties to the World Heritage List. Gland, Switzerland. . Accessed 23 May 2017.
International Rivers. 2006. Brazil - Farming Destroying Brazil’s Wetlands. River Revival Bulletin, No. 72.
Ioris, A.A.R. 2013. Rethinking Brazil’s Pantanal Wetland: Beyond Narrow Development and Conservation Debates. Journal of Environment & Development 22(3) 239-260.
Junk, W.J., Nunes da Cunha, C., Wantzen, K.M., Petermann, P., Strüssmann, C., Marquez, M.I., Adis, J. 2006. Biodiversity and its conservation in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Aquatic Sciences 68:278–309.
MMA, Ibama, Prevfogo. 2006. POA. Prevencao e combate aos incendios florestais no parque nacional do Pantanal matogrossense. Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA), Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais (IBAMA), Centro Nacional de Prevenção e Combate aos Incêndios Florestais (Prevfogo).
. Accessed 23 May 2017.
Mittermeier, R.A., Barcellos Harris, M., Mittermeier, C.G., Cardosa Da Silva, J.M., Lourival, R., Da Fonseca, G.A.B, Seligmann, P. 2005. Pantanal: South America's Wetland Jewel. Photographa by Theo Allofs. Firefly Books.
Padovani, C.R. 2010. Dinâmica espaço-temporal das inundações do Pantanal. Ph.D. dissertation, Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luis de Queiroz”, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.
Petry, P., Rodrigues, S., Barroso Ramos Neto, M., Matsumoto, M.H., Kimura, G., Becker, M., Rebolledo, P., Araújo, A., Caldas De Oliveira, B., da Silva Soares, M., Gonzales de Oliveira, M., Guimarães, J. 2012. Análise de Risco Ecológico da Bacia do Rio Paraguai Argentina, Bolívia, Brasil e Paraguai. The Nature Conservancy, WWF-Brasil. Brasília, DF,
Por, F.D. 1995. The Pantanal of Mato Grosso (Brazil) World Largest Wetland London, Kluwer Academic Publishers 122p. (Monographiae Biologicae v. 73) Drummond & Weger Series Eds.
Sartini Dutra Pimenta, V.M., da Silva, J.M., Nepomuceno, J.C., Pavanin, L.A. 2013. In Situ Assessment of the Paraguay River Water, in Brazilian Pantanal, by Means of Micronucleus Assay with Fish and Chemical Analysis. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 90(4): 427-433.
Tazik, D.J., Ioris, A.A.R., Collinsworth, S.R. (eds.). 2004. Proceedings of the Symposium. The Pantanal: Scientific and Institutional Challenges in Management of a Large and Complex Wetland Ecosystem. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists, 8-13 June 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana. Washington, DC: US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center.
Tocantins, N. 2006. Áreas protegidas e turismo, estudo de caso: Parque Nacional do Pantanal Matogrossense/MT e seu entorno. 166 p. Tese (Doutorado), Universidade Federal de São Carlos. . Accessed 23 May 2017.
Tomas, W.M., Mourão, G., Campos, Z., Salis, S., Santos, S.A. 2009. Intervenções humanas na paisagem e nos habitats do Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal, Corumbá, MS, Brazil.
UNEP-WCMC. 2011. Pantanal Conservation Area, Brazil. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC.
WWF Brasil. 2015. Áreas Prioritárias para Conservação da Biodiversidade no Cerrado e Pantanal. Brasília - DF.
World Heritage Committee. (2015). Decision 39 COM 8E Pantanal Conservation Area Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (Brazil). Bonn, Germany. . Accessed 8 April 2017.
World Heritage Committee. 2000. Decision CONF 204 X.A.1 Pantanal Conservation Area (Brazil). Cairns, Australia. . Accessed 8 April 2017.