Located in a strange lunar landscape of great geological interest, this site has one of the most important groupings of prehistoric cave art in the world. More than 15,000 drawings and engravings record the climatic changes, the animal migrations and the evolution of human life on the edge of the Sahara from 6000 BC to the first centuries of the present era. The geological formations are of outstanding scenic interest, with eroded sandstones forming ‘forests of rock’. © UNESCO
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Geological records of transition of hydrographic system from fluvial to hyper-arid conditions
Exceptional scenic beauty of deeply eroded north-facing cliffs, gorges and valleys
The current level of poaching and its impacts on other biodiversity values of the site beyond the OUV overall remains data deficient. However, monitoring data of poaching in priority sites for both the Tassili n’Ajjer and Ahaggar CPs for 2015-2018 shows a consolidated average of 0.27 poaching incidents/day of observation (2015: 0.5/day; 2016: 0.1/day; 2017: 0.22/day; 2018: 0.25/day) compared to baseline data extrapolated from the 1st phase of the project (2003/2007) of 0.35 poaching incidents/day. It is reported that anecdotal evidence from experienced staff operating at site level, still to be confirmed by ongoing analyses, indicate that poaching incidents may in fact be decreasing in sites where patrolling is more frequent (UNDP-GEF, 2019). However, further data and confirmation are required.
In May 2019, the proposal for an Executive Decree determining the terms and conditions for the formulation, validation and implementation of the General Management Plan (GMP) of Cultural Parks (CPs) was finalized. The preparation of a first management plan for the site has been initiated, following the emerging guidelines for the planning and management of cultural parks in Algeria. As soon as the decree for the implementation of Law 98-04 on the GMP is ratified, it is envisaged that the management plan will be readjusted, in accordance with the approved regulatory text (UNDP-GEF, 2019). Whilst the development of a management plan is positive, the fact that there is currently no approved management plan in place (IUCN Consultation, 2020) is a serious concern for such a complex and extended site, and finalisation of the management plan should be a priority.
In 2019, the ongoing UNDP-GEF programme rated a sustainable financing indicator for Algeria's Cultural Parks (CP), including this site, as "modest", however also noted the extremely high level of financial sustainability of the national CP system, which is strongly supported and guaranteed by the Algerian state. Whilst no data are available specifically for the site, the total government funding for the core operations of the five CPs increased from $6.533,155 in 2010 to $11,188,158 in 2018, a net increase of $4,655,003 per annum (41.6%) over 8 years. The report considers that, while current levels of state funding adequately cover present CP management and investment requirements, these may increase once the first generation of management plans for the five CPs are finalized and approved. Additionally, funding for the implementation of the 7-year Biodiversity Action Plan for the Tassili n’Ajjer and Ahaggar CPs, developed during the first phase of the project, has so far been complemented by $4,844,534 of GEF/UNDP funds earmarked under the 2nd component of the project and $32,535,574 of government cofinancing mobilized to date for sustainable livelihood activities (UNDP-GEF, 2019).
|№||Organization||Brief description of Active Projects||Website|
|1||UNDP-GEF||Conservation of Globally Significant Biodiversity and Sustainable Use of Ecosystem Services in Algeria’s Cultural Parks, with a wide range of conservation related activities, second phase 2011-2017. The Ministry of Culture of Algeria is developing an important national network of cultural parks, presently covering an impressive 937,430 km2. During a first phase intervention the UNDP/GEF targeted the Tassili N'Ajjer and Ahaggar Cultural Parks. Due to its vast size and relative integrity, the Tassili - Ahaggar complex, represents a key biodiversity site in the central Saharan ecosystem and one of the prime sites in the world for desert biome conservation. With their legally protected status and official governance and management structure, there is good potential for cultural parks in Algeria to form a cohesive conservation network that will provide an effective buffer against threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, a number of systemic, operational and institutional barriers are hindering the Ministry of Culture's efforts toward improving the management effectiveness of the cultural park system. The first phase of the project had been designed to implement a comprehensive package of measures to enable an effective country-driven conservation initiative that secures global environmental benefits. In its second phase, the project has been revised to reflect emerging realities, incorporate lessons from the first phase, and align with the dual priorities of the Biodiversity and Land Degradation focal areas. The long-term solution proposed by this project is a strengthened network of cultural parks with adequate systemic, institutional and operational capacity to: (i) effectively plan and manage the cultural parks based on scientific data and information; (ii) mitigate the threats to, and pressures on, the biodiversity and ecosystem services contained within the cultural parks; (iii) effectively plan sustainable financing for cultural park management and improve cost effectiveness; and (iv) ensure better integration of the socio-economic development priorities of local resource users in the management of the cultural parks. The project will focus on improving capacities at central level in the Ministry of Culture and in two demonstration sites, the Tassili N'Ajjer and the Ahaggar Cultural Parks.||
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IUCN (2010). Mission Report: Tassili National Park (Tassili N’Ajjer). 28 February 2013. Unpublished.
IUCN (2014). World Heritage Outlook. Tassili n'Ajjer National Park. 20 June 2014. [online]. Available at: https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/docume… [Accessed 6 December 2016].
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UNDP-GEF (2018). Midterm Review - Conservation of globally significant biodiversity and sustainable use of ecosystem services in Algeria’s cultural parks. Final report, 8th February 2018. Available at: https://erc.undp.org/evaluation/documents/download/11317 [Accessed June 2020].
UNDP-GEF (2019). 2019 Project Implementation Review (PIR) ALG - Tassili Ahaggar Phase 2. Available at: https://undpgefpims.org/attachments/4153/213104/1709712/174… [Accessed June 2020]
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Wetlands International (2013). Ramsar Sites Information Service [online]. Available at: https://rsis.ramsar.org/ [Accessed 27 May 2013].