Located in a strange lunar landscape of great geological interest, this site has one of the most important groupings of prehistoric cave art in the world. More than 15,000 drawings and engravings record the climatic changes, the animal migrations and the evolution of human life on the edge of the Sahara from 6000 BC to the first centuries of the present era. The geological formations are of outstanding scenic interest, with eroded sandstones forming ‘forests of rock’. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
* For mixed sites Conservation Outlook Assessments only evaluate the natural values of these sites (criteria vii, viii, ix and x) and the overall assessment reflects the potential of a site to preserve its natural values over time.
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Geological records of transition of hydrographic system from fluvial to hyper-arid conditions
Exceptional scenic beauty of deeply eroded north-facing cliffs, gorges and valleys
150 staff in 2010 (IUCN, 2010), but wardens mainly untrained. No specific conservation activities relevant to criteria vii and viii reported until 2010. Plans to update and improve management plan reported in 2010 (UNESCO, 2010).
A UNDP project on the conservation of globally important biodiversity and the sustainable use of ecosystem services in the cultural parks of Algeria is on-going, which aims to enhance national capacity in the sustainable management of natural resources, and strengthen national capacity to fight soil degradation and desertification.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||ICARDA (GEF funded)||Conservation of Globally Significant Biodiversity and Sustainable Use of Ecosystem Services in Algeria’s Cultural Parks, with a wide range of conservation related activities, second phase 2011-2017.|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Strengthen governance and management system||Management system should be further developed, and governance may be strengthened by including representatives from government departments dealing with protected areas (as it is currently managed by the Ministry of Culture) (Abulhawa et al, 2015). There is no management plan, and the management system is based on annual plans as reported in 2010 (UNESCO, 2010).|
|2||Training and diversification of staff||Improvement is needed of staff training and qualification level, as most staff have cultural/archaeological backgrounds, and lack biodiversity skills and knowledge (GEF, 2011). Also, rangers/wardens control a few key access points to the area, but are generally untrained (UNESCO, 2010).|
|3||Education and Interpretation||There is a noted need for effective education and interpretation of World Heritage Status (UNESCO, 2010).|
|4||Effective monitoring and provision of information||A monitoring system needs to be established which provides information about the current status of the site's natural values, pressures and potential threats, further progress regarding update of the management plan, financial aspects, and ongoing research programs (IUCN, 2014). A biodiversity monitoring system for Tassili Ahaggar was run by a GEF project until 2011 (GEF, 2011), but there is no information about current monitoring projects.There is no effective monitoring system of geo-morphological values in place (IUCN, 2010).|
|5||Enhancement of local stakeholder involvement||According to the State Party, local stakeholders have been intensely involved in management (UNESCO, 2010), however, a need to strengthen procedures for collaborative management with the local population has also been reported (GEF, 2011).|
|6||More staff||There is a need for more staff, as there are relatively few staff in relation to size of the site (UNESCO, 2010; IUCN, 2010), and enforcement capacity is considered a barrier to effective biodiversity management (GEF, 2011).|
|7||Better coordination between governmental ministries and the wilaya level||There needs to be better coordination between ministries and the wilaya level, as there are frequently significant barriers to the integration of WH - as well as biodiversity management in particular - into national and wilaya level planning (GEF, 2011).|
|8||Framework for sustainable use||There needs to be a sufficient enabling framework for the sustainable use management of natural resources (GEF, 2011).|
|9||Enhancement of biodiversity conservation||There needs to be a continual strengthening of efforts to provide appropriate protection for the site's significant biodiversity values. This should include directly addressing threats such as poaching and plant collection, capacity development and sustainable financing for biodiversity conservation, better mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation in national and wilayat policy and planning, and efforts aimed at community co-management of natural resources in the area (IUCN, 2014).|
|10||Effective control of removal of artifacts||There is a need for effective control of removal of artifacts from the Site, as it has been estimated that at least two million archaeological artifacts have been removed by collectors from the Ahaggar/Ajjer region, with the more accessible Ahaggar being the more affected (UNEP-WCMC, 2011).|
|11||Effective communication framework||A more effective communication framework with the State Party needs to be adopted, in order to enhance its ability to achieve adequate levels of knowledge on the various values and attributes of the site (Abulhawa et al, 2014).|
|12||SEA feasibility assessed||It should be considered to assess the feasibility of undertaking an SEA approach built around the Site's natural values, uses, and governance. This could be linked to a tailored training program for national staff and decision makers (Abulhawa et al, 2014).|
Abulhawa, T., Abdulhalim, H., Osipova, E., Cummings, T., (2014). TABE'A II Report - Enhancing Regional Capacities for World Heritage. Amman, Jordan: IUCN. ii + 74pp.
BBC News (2004). Sahara tourists jailed for theft. 30 November 2004. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 6 December 2016.
BirdLife International (2013). ‘Datazone-IBA search: Algeria; Parc National du Tassili N’Ajjer. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 30 May 2013.
GEF (2011). Project document: Conservation of globally significant biodiversity and sustainable use of ecosystem services in Algeria’s cultural parks. Washington, D.C.: GEF. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 6 December 2016.
IUCN (2010). Mission Report: Tassili National Park (Tassili N’Ajjer). 28 February 2013. Unpublished.
IUCN (2014). World Heritage Outlook. Tassili n'Ajjer National Park. 20 June 2014. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 6 December 2016.
UNEP-WCMC (2011). Tassili N’Ajjer National Park, Algeria. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 6 December 2016.
UNESCO (2010). Report on the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting in the Arab States. Paris: UNESCO. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 6 December 2016.
UNESCO (2013). World Heritage List: Tassili N’Ajjer; Assistance. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 27 May 2013.
Wetlands International (2013). ‘Ramsar Sites Information Service’. [Electronic reference] . Accessed 27 May 2013.