Situated in the mountains of northern Honshu, this trackless site includes the last virgin remains of the cool-temperate forest of Siebold's beech trees that once covered the hills and mountain slopes of northern Japan. The black bear, the serow and 87 species of birds can be found in this forest. © UNESCO
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Remnant old growth temperate forests in an undisturbed wild state
The last relic of cool-temperate beech forests of Northern Japan with associated species
Forestry Agency (2009). State of Japan’s Forests and Forest Management, Contribution to Montreal Process.
Hara, T. and Iwamoto, H. (2014). Tourism Policy Analysis on an Eco-tour Guide Certification System at a UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Shirakami Mountain Range in Japan. Journal of Tourism Economics, Policy and Hospitality Management: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, Article 1. http://tourismresearch.econo.yamaguchi-u.ac.jp/jtephm/vol2/…. Accessed 05 June 2017
IUCN (1993). World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation, Shirakami-Sanchi (Japan). In: IUCN World Heritage Evaluations 1993. [online] Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, pp.11-16. Available at: <https://whc.unesco.org/document/153979> [Accessed November 2020].
IUCN Consultation (2013). IUCN Stakeholder Consultation IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
IUCN Consultation (2017). IUCN Stakeholder Consultation IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
IUCN Consultation (2020). IUCN Stakeholder Consultation IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
Law, G. (2011). Distant Affinities: The challenges facing temperate forests in World Heritage Areas (USA, Slovakia and Japan). Report to the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust of Australia, December 2011 [online]. Available at: https://unesco.wolf.sk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Distant-A…
MAFF (2013). MAFF UPDATE No.755 (Published on October 23rd, 2013). New Shirakami-sanchi World Heritage Area Management Plan, Government of Japan, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, viewed 30 December 2019. Available at: <https://www.maff.go.jp/e/maffud/2013/no755.html>.
Mahoro, S. Yanagihara, C., Fujii, T. and Yui, M. (2008a). Nest site environment of the Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius in northern Honshu, Japan Tohoku Journal of Forest Science 01/2008; 13(1):1-7.
Mahoro, S., Yanagihara, C., Fujii, T. and Yui. M. (2008b). Nest and roost tree characteristics of the Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius in northern Honshu, Japan Tohoku Journal of Forest Science. 01/2008; 13(1):1-7.
Mason, R.J. (2015). Preservation and preemption in Japan’s Shirakami-Sanchi World Heritage Area. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 26 Iss 3 pp. 448-465. Available at: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/MEQ-11-2014-0…. (Accessed 23 June 2016).
Matsui, T., Nakao, K., Higa, M., Tsuyama, I., Kominami, Y., Yagihashi, T., Koide, D. and Tanaka, N. (2018). Potential impact of climate change on canopy tree species composition of cool-temperate forests in Japan using a multivariate classification tree model. Ecological Research, 33, 289-302.
Matsui, T., Tanaka, N. and Yagihashi, T. (2007). Predicting changes in suitable habitats for beech (Fagus crenata Blume) forests under climate warming in Shirakami Mountains world natural heritage area, northern Japan. Nihon Shinrin Gakkaishi (Journal of the Japanese Forest Society)
MoE (2013). Management Plan of Shirakami-Sanchi World Heritage Site. (translated into English in 2015). Ministry of the Environment (MoE), Japan.
News on Japan (2017). Aomori Pref. to capture deer to protect World Heritage site. http://newsonjapan.com/html/newsdesk/article/119798.php. Story, 07 May 2017. Accessed 05 June 2017
Rothmar, T. (2015). 'Shirakami Sanchi: A forest outside of time'. Japan Times, 14 March 2015. Available at: <https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/03/14/national/shira…;
Teramoto, M., Liang, N., Ishida, S. and Zeng, J. (2018). Long-Term Stimulatory Warming Effect on Soil Heterotrophic Respiration in a Cool-Temperate Broad-Leaved Deciduous Forest in Northern Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123, 1161-1177.
World Heritage Committee (1997). Decision 21COM VII.C.41 Reports on the State of Conservation of Natural Properties Noted by the Committee. http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3143. Accessed 05 June 2017
World Heritage Committee (2012). Decision 36COM 8B Clarifications of property boundaries and areas by States Parties in response to the Retrospective Inventory. http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4840. Accessed 05 June 2017
World Heritage Committee (2013). Decision 37 COM 8E. Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value- Shirakami-Sanchi (Japan). [online] Phnom Penh, Cambodia: UNESCO. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4964 (Accessed 10 October 2019).