Cape Floral Region Protected Areas
Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2004, the property is located at the south-western extremity of South Africa. It is one of the world’s great centres of terrestrial biodiversity. The extended property includes national parks, nature reserves, wilderness areas, State forests and mountain catchment areas. These elements add a significant number of endemic species associated with the Fynbos vegetation, a fine-leaved sclerophyllic shrubland adapted to both a Mediterranean climate and periodic fires, which is unique to the Cape Floral Region.
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Outstanding diversity, density and endemism of flora
Ongoing ecological and biological processes associated with the evolution of the unique Fynbos biome
The National monitoring exercises, that include the South African Bird Atlas Project 2, the South African Bird-ringing Project, the Birds in Reserves Project, Frog Atlas Project, the Nest Record Card Scheme, the Information System for Endangered Plants
CFRPA World Heritage site has a global value in securing the conservation of a large portion of the endemic flora of the Cape Floral Kingdom, a global biodiversity hotspot.
|№||Organization||Brief description of Active Projects||Website|
|1||University of Cape Town: Animal Demography Unit||National monitoring exercises that include or focus on CFR: the South African Bird Atlas Project 2, the South African Bird-ringing Project, the Birds in Reserves Project, Frog Atlas Project, Penguin-Watch , Southern African Butterfly Conservation Assessment, Mammal Map, etc||
|2||"Working for.. "programs (Water, wetlands , fire)||Part of the South African Government's initiative to create jobs and to alleviate poverty by providing biodiversity related jobs, to control alien invasive plants, fight fire and improve wetlands.||
http://www.dwaf.gov.za/wfw/ www.workingonfire.org/ http://wetlands.sanbi.org/
|3||CapeNature: Save our fynbos fish||The indigenous fynbos fish of the Western Cape are under severe threat. The greatest threat comes from invasive alien fish, which prey on them (e.g. smallmouth bass), compete for resources (e.g. banded tilapia) and degrade their habitat (e.g carp).||
|4||CapeNature: Cederbeg amphibians and reptiles project||The Greater Cederberg Biodiversity Corridor (GCBC) is one of the corridors proposed for the Cape Floristic Region (CFR). To ensure that the Cederberg Corridor will make a significant contribution to the conservation of the amphibians and reptiles in the CFR, a detailed survey of the greater Cederberg area is first required.||
|5||CapeNature: The Greater Cederberg Biodiversity Corridor||The GCBC aims to establish biodiversity corridors across its landscape to ensure the establishment of healthy connected corridors of natural vegetation. These corridors include formally protected areas and natural vegetation on privately owned land||
|6||ECPTA Biodiversity Stewardship program||Biodiversity agreements entered into with private landowners where their properties are included in the conservation landscape and are managed by owners under guidance of a management plan and supported by ECPTA|
|7||ECPTA Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve Landscape Initiative||The Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve landscape Initiative is one of the corridors proposed for the Cape Floristic Region (CFR). The Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve Initiative seeks to have a landscape where conservation, agriculture and eco-tourism combine to work together for the benefit of all stakeholders in the landscape.|
|8||CapeNature Stewardship Programme||This programme has four levels of agreements ranging from "loose" to "contractual", that can be entered into with private landowners whose properties have conservation value. These properties then become a formal part of the conservation estate. Those entering into a contract have the same status as a formally Protected Area. They are managed by owners under guidance of a management plan and supported by CapeNature.||
Blokker, T., Bek, D. & Binns, T. (2015). Wildflower harvesting on the Agulhas Plain, South Africa: Challenges in a fragmented industry. South African Journal of Science, 111(11-12), 1-7. https://dx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2015/20140160. Accessed 17 August 2020.
Lee, A. T. and Barnard, P. (2012). Endemic Fynbos avifauna: comparative range declines as cause for concern. Biodiversity Observations, 19-28.
Midgley, G.F., Rutherford, M.C., Bond W.J. and Barnard, P. (2007) The Heat is on: impacts of climate change on plant diversity in South Africa. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
Mothapo, N. P., & Wossler, T. C. (2011). Behavioural and chemical evidence for multiple colonisation of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in the Western Cape, South Africa. BMC ecology, 11(1), 6.
Palmer, G., Maree, K. and Gouza, J. (2015) Buffer mechanisms for managing diversity and world heritage in the Cape Floral Region (South Africa). in Harvey, D. C. and Perry, J. eds. The future of heritage as climates change. London: Routledge.
Privett, S., Bek, D., Bailey, R., Binns, T., Raimondo, D., Kirkwood, D. & Euston-Brown, D. (2019) Conservation in the context of wildflower harvesting: the development and implementation of a Vulnerability Index on the Agulhas Plain of South Africa, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63:10, 1738-1757, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2019.1687428. Accessed 17 August 2020.
State Party of South Africa (2009) Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (South Africa).
State Party of South Africa (2015) Nomination of the Extension of the Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site of South Africa. [online] Available at: <http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1007bis.pdf>.
State Party of South Africa (2020). Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of the Cape Floral Region (South Africa). [online] Department of Environmental Affairs, pp.1-81. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1007/documents/ [Accessed 14 August 2020].
State Party of South Africa (2020a). Periodic Report Third Cycle: Cape Floral Region Protected Areas.
State Party of South Africa. (2018). Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (South Africa). [online] Department of Environmental Affairs. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1007/documents/ (Accessed 19 September 2019).
Turner, A.A. (ed.) 2012. Western Cape Province State of Biodiversity 2012.CapeNature Scientific Services, Stellenbosch. ISBN. 978-0-621-41407-3
UNEP-WCMC (2011) Cape Floral Region Protected Areas, South Africa. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage information Sheets. Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC. [online] Available at: <http://world-heritage-datasheets.unep-wcmc.org/datasheet/ou…;.
UNESCO. (2018). Report on the State of Conservation of Cape Floral Region Protected Areas, South Africa. State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. [online] Paris, France: UNESCO. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3678 (Accessed 19 September 2019).
World Heritage Committee (2011) Decision 35 COM 8E Cape Floral Region Protected Areas, Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value (South Africa). .
World Population Review (2020) Cape Town Population 2020 [online] https://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/cape-town-po…. Accessed 17 August 2020.