Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection
Coiba National Park, off the southwest coast of Panama, protects Coiba Island, 38 smaller islands and the surrounding marine areas within the Gulf of Chiriqui. Protected from the cold winds and effects of El Niño, Coiba’s Pacific tropical moist forest maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism of mammals, birds and plants due to the ongoing evolution of new species. It is also the last refuge for a number of threatened animals such as the crested eagle. The property is an outstanding natural laboratory for scientific research and provides a key ecological link to the Tropical Eastern Pacific for the transit and survival of pelagic fish and marine mammals.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
High variety of endemic terrestrial species
High diversity of threatened marine fish and cetaceans
Endemic corals and threatened turtles
region. Coiba has extensive beaches for turtle nesting and some of the largest
extension of seagrasses known in Panama’s Pacific (STRI, 2015).
Outstanding natural laboratory for scientific research
Key ecological link in the Tropical Eastern Pacific
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||MiAmbiente and various NGOs||Coiba forms part of the CMAR Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development Corridor of the Eastern Pacific (Galapagos-Cocos-Coiba-Gorgona-Malpelo Islands) and the MiAmbiente partipates in this network through workshops to improve management.|
|2||Mar Viva, MiAmbiente||MarViva has been very active in strengthening fishermen’s organizations and communities around Coiba and in developing and enforcing the Management Plan. No current projects specifically aimed at Coiba have been identified, but several projects aimed at ensuring that fishing is sustainable will have an impact on Coiba.|
|3||Natura-ANCON||A rural community tourism in the area of influence of Parque Nacional Coiba-Golf de Chiriquí, and implementation of the tourism program of ARTURIS (Association of Sustainable Rural Tourism) has been completed. It is not known if this project will be continued, although increased capacity-building of the local community to participate in sustainable tourism would be very desirable. One challenge is that many tourists speak English, while the local community does not, thus foreign language courses may be very helpful in helping the local community benefit from the increasing number of foreign tourists.|
|4||PNUD, STRI, INDICASAT||Promoting the Application of the Protocol of Nagoya on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in Panama. This project was noted in the past and it is not known if it is continuing.|
|Transversalizando la conservación de la biodiversidad en la operación de los sectores de turismo y pesca en los archipielagos de Panamá.|
|6||STRI; International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP)||A BioBlitz took place on Coiba in 2015 and the data are still being worked up.|
ANAM (2009). Plan de Manejo del Parque Nacional Coiba, Sitio de Patrimonio Natural de la Humanidad. Versíón Final. Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente. 132 pp.
IUCN & WHC (2014). Reactive Monitoring Mission Report.
IUCN (2014). World Heritage Outlook. Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection. worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org.
IUCN (2017). Reactive Monitoring Mission Report.
Maté, J.L, Vega, A.J., Tovar, D. & Arcia, E. (2015). Plan de Aprovechamiento Pesquero Sostenible del Parque Nacional Coiba. Versión Popular. Ciudad de Panamá, República de Panamá. 58 pp.
Nomination (2005). Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection.
SOC (2015). State of Conservation Report by the State Party. Ministry of the Environment, Directorate of Protected Areas and Wildlife.
SOC (2011). State of Conservation Report by the State Party. Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente, Dirección de Áreas Protegidas y Vida Silvestre. 35COM.
STRI (2015). Coiba BioBlitz. Trópicos. Magazine of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Instutute, April, 2015. 38 pp. https://www.stri.si.edu/sites/tropicos/pdf/TROPICOS_Apr_201…
SoOUV (2014). Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1138.
Vega, A.J. Robles, Y.A. & Maté, J.L. (2016). La pesca artesanal en el Parque Nacional Coiba y zona de influencia. Biología y pesquería de sus principales recursos, con recommendaciones de manejo. Fundación MarViva, Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá. 67 pp.