Uvs Nuur Basin
The Uvs Nuur Basin (1,068,853 ha), is the northernmost of the enclosed basins of Central Asia. It takes its name from Uvs Nuur Lake, a large, shallow and very saline lake, important for migrating birds, waterfowl and seabirds. The site is made up of twelve protected areas representing the major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The steppe ecosystem supports a rich diversity of birds and the desert is home to a number of rare gerbil, jerboas and the marbled polecat. The mountains are an important refuge for the globally endangered snow leopard, mountain sheep (argali) and the Asiatic ibex. © UNESCO
2020 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Diversity of landscapes, ecosystems and habitats
Threatened and endemic plants
Rare and threatened bird species
Rare and threatened mammals
Other rare and threatened fauna
In a study of land cover change in the Uvs Lake Basin ecoregion, Jamsran et al. (2019) found that between 1995 and 2015, the forest area in the basin decreased by almost 25%, mostly due to illegal logging, but also forest fires and pest damage.
The scientific and technical council of the reserve unanimously decided not to grant such a permission, noting that geological exploration and development of the deposit could lead to environmental degradation of the Agar-Dag ridge. In addition, part of this site is a sacred natural territory for the local population, and geological work here would violate the traditional principles and customs for caring for sacred natural territories (IUCN Consultation, 2020c).
implemented (World Heritage Committee, 2014); and (2) encouraging States Parties to ensure adequate resources made available quickly and maintained for the effective implementation of the management plans (this seems to have not fully been addressed yet – IUCN Consultation, 2017).
The website of the Russian component protected area lists a range of education and awareness raising activities (Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina State Biosphere Reserve, 2017). However, several reports refer to the fact that, overall, the awareness of the local population on environmental issues particularly on the trans-boundary biodiversity conservation, landscape and water conservation (IUCN Consultation, 2013) and ecological knowledge remains low (Butorin, 2005). It has also been noted that, on the Tuvan site, there is a need for closer integration of education and awareness raising activities with those of other local and regional players (IUCN Consultation, 2017).
Since 2017, 39 surveys of rare insects, reptiles, birds, and plants, as well as climate change and glaciation studies have been conducted in the Uvs Nuur Basin SPA. These include: Snow Leopard, Argali, Ibex, Beaver, Siberian Sparrowhawk, Central Asian Beaver, Reed Pig, River Otter, Altai Snowcock, Musk Deer, Mongolian Marmot and Plant Research (IUCN Consultation, 2020a). A potential for improvement of research beyond narrow monitoring has been identified for the Russian component areas (IUCN Consultation, 2017).
Every two years since 1989, the two protected areas administrations have been co-organizing the "Uvs Nuur" international symposium “ECOSYSTEM OF CENTRAL ASIA: RESEARCH, CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE”, leading to several recommendations and declarations, and actions taken (IUCN Consultation, 2020a).
Some limits to effective law enforcement have been noted, including lack of equipment, geographical distance between the administration and component areas, as well as the high staff turnover and lack of qualified staff. The size of the area monitored by each ranger is also very large (between 7,500 and 22,000 ha per ranger, depending on PA category). This could compromise the management of threats from, for example, illegal logging, poaching and forest fires.
|№||Organization||Brief description of Active Projects||Website|
|1||WWF||Research projects on snow leopard, argali, and manul|
|2||NGO Irbis Army (Republic of Tuva, Russian Federation)||Funded by WWF-Russia, projects aim to reduce the conflict between snow leopard and cattle breeders in Southwest Tuva, where there are cases of predator attacks on livestock (the projects have introduced new methods of herd protection (electric fences and ultrasonic frighteners), and introduced new effective methods of insuring cattle against snow leopard attacks.||
Anonymous (2010). Management plan of the Ubs nuur basin Special Protected Areas of Mongolia, 2010-2014, Ulaangom. (in Mongolian)
Butorin, A (2005) Uvs Nuur Basin, Elaboration of a joint Mongolian-Russian Federation Site Management Plan for the “Uvs Nuur Basin”, Field trip report.
Compilation of research works (2011). Compilation of research works in the Uvs nuur basin. Issue No.1, Ulaanbaatar 2011. (in Mongolian language)
Conservation Measures Partnership (2013). Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation. Version 3.0 / April 2013. CMP. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://cmp-openstandards.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CMP….
Enkhtsetseg, B. (2009). Assessment on implementation status of phase first of the national program on protected areas in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar.
Ervin, J. (2003). Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology. Gland (Switzerland): WWF International. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/conservation/fo….
Ganyushkin, D., Chistyakov, K., Volkov, I., Bantcev, D., Kunaeva, E., Brandová, D., Raab, G., Christl, M. and Egli, M. (2018). Palaeoclimate, glacier and treeline reconstruction based on geomorphic evidences in the Mongun-Taiga massif (south-eastern Russian Altai) during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Quaternary International, 470, pp.26-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.12.031
IUCN (2003). IUCN Technical Evaluation, Uvs Nurr Basin (Mongolia / Russian Federation) ID No. 769 Rev. Gland (Switzerland): IUCN. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/769/documents/.
IUCN 2013. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN 2017. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN 2020. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN 2020a. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN 2020b. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
IUCN 2020c. World Heritage Outlook Consultation form. World Heritage Site: Uvs Nuur basin. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Jamsran, B.E., Lin, C., Byambakhuu, I., Raash, J. and Akhmadi, K. (2019). Applying a support vector model to assess land cover changes in the Uvs Lake Basin ecoregion in Mongolia. Information processing in agriculture, 6(1), pp.158-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inpa.2018.07.007
Joint management plan (2010). Joint management plan for the “Uvs nuur basin” Mongolian-Russian transboundary special protected areas, Ulaangom, Mongolia and Kyzyl, Tuvan Republic 2010 (In Mongolian and Russian languages)
Pan, C., Pope, A., Kamp, U., Avirmed, D., Walther, M. and Syromyatina, M.V. (2017). Glacier recession in the Altai Mountains of Mongolia in 1990–2016. Geogr Ann Ser A. https://doi.org/10.1080/04353676.2017.1407560
Schuerholz, G et al (2007). Capacity and financial needs assessment of protected areas located in the Altai Sayan Ecoregion of Mongolia, WWF-Mongolia, Ministry of Nature and Environment. Draft Report
Tyvaavtodor (2018). Управление автомобильных дорог Республики Тыва. О развитии транспортной инфраструктуры по направлению «Кызыл-Хая - Кокоря - Кош-Агач». [online]. Availalbe at: <http://gkutuvaavtodor.ru/content/o-razvitii-transportnoy-in…;. Accessed 19 September 2020.
UNEP-WCMC 2011. Uvs Nurr Basin – Mongolia & Russian Federation. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. Cambridge (UK): UNEP-WCMC. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at https://www.unep-wcmc.org/resources-and-data/world-heritage….
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina State Biosphere Reserve (2017). Website of Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina State Biosphere Reserve. Kyzyl: Administration of Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina State Biosphere Reserve. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://www.ubsunurtuva.ru/?q=ru. (in Russian)
Uvs Basin Management Plan (2000). Basin of Ubsu-Nur (Uvs nuur) Ubsunur Hollow, Management Plan, Tuva Republic Russia.
WWF (2007). Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool. Reporting Progress at Protected Area Sites. 2nd edition. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.
World Heritage Committee (2003). Decision 27 COM 8C.9 – Inscription of Uvs Nuur Basin on the World Heritage List. Paris: World Heritage Centre. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/769/documents/.
World Heritage Committee (2014). Mongolia / Russian Federation: Uvs Nuur Basin. Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value. WHC-14/38.COM/8E. Paris: World Heritage Centre. Accessed on 21 August 2017 at http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6149.